OVERLAYING THE PAINT THROUGH THE HISTORY OF THE HISTORY
In the 7th century BC, Van Lang country of the Hung Kings was established - Lang Son became the land of the Lu Hai.From the 9th to the 10th century, Lang Son became the administrative unit of Dai Co Viet, after renaming it Dai Viet.
1. Lang Son centuries of independence (IX century - XIV century): In the long period of independence, with the name Lang Chau, then Lang Giang, Lang Son is an important land of water. Dai Co Viet and Dai Viet, where exchange of residents, missions of the two countries.
In three defeats against the Mongol invaders, two times the Mongolian army was destroyed in Lang Son. Lang Son, the northeastern frontier of the country, contributed significantly to the victory of the army of the people of Vietnam (XIII century).
2. Lang Son from the Le dynasty to the early Nguyen (the fifteenth century - early nineteenth century)
In 1406, when the Ming army invaded our country, Lang Son made an important contribution to the Lam Son insurrection. Early in 1426, after the liberation of Thanh Hoa, the Lam Son insurgent army advanced to the river delta. Hong, combined with the patriotic movements in the unified localities in the struggle for national liberation.
Chi Lang, the capital of the capital, is considered to be the weakest gate. In the resistance war against the Song Dynasty, the Ly dynasty and the Nguyen dynasty, the Tran dynasty was chosen as the battle ground for surprise surrender to the army, making more than 100 The enemy cavalry was destroyed, Lieu Thang was hit by the death on the side of Ma Yen mountain (20/9 Dinh Mui - 10/14/27). The victory of Chi Lang was a decisive factor in the fight, contributing to the end of the war for national liberation.
Lang Son from the sixteenth century to the eighteenth century
In the beginning of 1428, the Minh soldiers finally withdrew from our country, the Lam Son insurrection won, Dai Viet was restored, the country returned to peace, people everywhere to build back home. The life of the people of Lang Son is relatively peaceful, the cultural life, the spirit of the residents are improving, the morgue is strengthened, the land is further excavated, many beautiful landscapes. Lang Son, Tam Thanh, Nhi Thanh was restored. In the sixteenth century, with the decline of the Lê Dynasty, Lang Son fell into a state of constant disturbance.
Since 1527, the Mac Dynasty was established, Lang Son still temporarily back, but still some tutors, prisoners support the Le, do not follow the Mac. The South - North Korean War, Lang Son suffered fire.
3. Lang Son from the mid-nineteenth century to the late nineteenth century
From the mid-nineteenth century, the socio-economic situation in Lang Son became difficult. In 1854, Lang Son was hit by heavy floods, crop failures, hunger. The government must mobilize neighboring provinces to help. The situation continued until the French colonialists attacked Lang Son (1885).
4. The transition from the patriotic struggle to the revolutionary struggle under the leadership of the Party.
Since 1891, the French colonialists have established a sovereign state. They have carried out a series of politically and economically politically reactionary policies that have made the lives of the people extremely taxing.
After the Communist Party of Vietnam (3/2/1930), the campaign and the revolutionary movement in mountainous and border provinces such as Cao Bang and Lang Son were established. The Communist Party branch was established with the task of directing the revolution in the mountainous region of Cao - Bac - Lang.
In the mid-1930s, the Communist Party guided the focus on the establishment of revolutionary organizations in Lang Son and Cao Bang. Comrade Hoang Van Thu was assigned by the division to build up the revolutionary movement in Lang Son.
5. The birth of the First Party Branch and the revolutionary movement from 1933 to 1940
With the continuous progress of the mass revolutionary movement, the Party branch of the border area decided to establish a Party base in Van Uyen to serve as the core to direct the long-term movement. With the delegation of the Party, in mid-1933, Comrade Hoang Van Thu came to Thuy Hung, admitted members of the Party, established the Party Cell by himself direct party secretary. This is the first Communist Party cell in Van Uyen and also the first communist Party of Lang Son Party later.
Executing the policy of the Party Committee of Bac Ky province to continue consolidating and developing the revolutionary movement in ethnic minority areas, especially mountainous and border areas, in mid-1936, Mr. Hoang Van Thu - cadre The task of directing the Cao-Bac-Lang border area was directly to Bac Son for enlightenment, organizing revolutionary bases.On September 25, 1936, the first Communist Party cell in Bac Son was established in Mo Tat village, Vu Lang commune.Committed by the Party Committee of the North, Comrade Hoang Van Thu went to Africa, directly enlightened, actively nurtured the masses, admitted new members, established the Communist Party Cell as the core of the direction. Movement. On April 11, 1938, under the direct guidance of Comrade Hoang Van Thu, the first Communist Party cell in Trang Dinh was established.
Bac Son revolt with the transformation of the revolutionary movement in the province:
On September 22, 1940, the Japanese attacked Lang Son. After a few fierce resistance, French troops withdrew over Bac Son to Thai Nguyen. The enemy government in these areas disintegrated. Grasp the opportunity, under the direct leadership of the local Party, the people of Bac Son area up to disarm French weapons, armed themselves to beat France, chase Japan.
At Hung Luc, on the morning of September 27, 1940, some comrades after escaping from Lang Son prison met with party cells in Hung Vu, Bac Son ... with the policy of leadership Massive uprisings seized power. On the evening of September 27, 1940, the people of Bac Son, Hung Vu, Chieu Vu and Tran Yen communes were armed with guns, spears and sticks.The same day, the attack began. Bac Son revolt broke out. Insurrection captured Bac Son, the enemy government disbanded. Due to lack of preparation, we have not established the revolutionary government and our army has not prepared the force should be copied by French troops, recaptured possession. However, the enemy could not extinguish the fighting spirit of the people. The revolutionary movement and ambition of the Bac Son uprising continued.
6. August 1945 Revolution (1941-1945)
From the end of 1944 to the beginning of 1945, under the direction of the Viet Minh General Secretary, Cao-Bac-Lang Communist Party and the active mobilization of the nationalist army from Bac Son-Vo Chewing, armed fighting and propaganda teams have been launched in many localities in the province such as Hoan Hoan (Escaping); Thuy Hung (Van Uyen); Chi Minh (Trang Dinh).
From April to July 1945, under the leadership and direct leadership of the Party cells, Viet Minh boards in Bac Son, Binh Gia, Huu Lung, Bang Mac, Trang Dinh, Dang Lang, Diem He launched the revolutionary rebellion to seize power.
On August 19, 1945, the insurrection was won in Hanoi. Before that, on 19/8 in Dong Mo (Wenzhou), the revolutionary people have mastered the capital, Wenzhou liberation. On the same day, armed forces and revolutionary people revolted to own Ma Street, Huu Lung town. On August 21, armed forces and revolutionary people surrounded, disarmed Japan, mastered the Khe, liberated Trang Dinh. Next was Liberation Day on 22/8; On 25/8 armed forces and neighboring revolutionary forces entered the town, encircling the puppet chief's palace, forcing the enemy to surrender.
7. Anti-French resistance (from 1946 to 1954)
In response to President Ho Chi Minh's call for national resistance, on December 22, 1946, the "Nationwide Resistance" Directive of the Party Central Committee, which set out the direction of the resistance war: "All people , comprehensive, long-term self-reliance, "the army and the people of Lang Son have bravely stepped into the new battle against enemy.
The leadership of the province has withdrawn from Ba Xa Commune (Binh Thuan) to handle the enemy's military plan immediately in Lang Son. By the end of 1947, provincial guerrilla bases began to be built in Chi Lang (Loc Binh); Ba Son (Cao Loc) formed a guerrilla war belt in the enemy controlled area.
On October 30, 1947, the local armed forces coordinated with enemy troops in Bong Lau, destroyed 94 French, destroyed and damaged 27 enemy vehicles. The victory of Bong Lau was the beginning of a series of fierce battles of our troops and people on Road No. 4. Promoting the spirit of winning the Bong Lau, since the end of 1947, the armed forces have continuously won the battle. The great victory in the Pass, Ban Lung, Lung Vai contributed to the energy consumption and divided the plan of great advance of the enemy.
In mid-1948, in coordination with the army and people of the free zone, the army and the people in the frontal areas along the streets of Dinh Lap, Loc Binh, Cao Loc, Van Uyen, Tho Thang and Trang Dinh regularly attacked. enemy. To carry out the emulation movement "Hij gun aggressive kill enemy" launched by the provincial Party Committee and the slogan "Master of Road No. 4 to cut off line 4", on September 12, 1948, our army destroyed Na Cach station without taking a bullet.
Along with the warfare tactics, on September 16, 1948, our guerrilla forces advanced to Lung Vai, destroying many enemy positions and collecting many weapons. On successive succession, they attacked Dong Dang, Lung Phat, and others.
Since the beginning of 1949, the armed forces have repeatedly proceeded to destroy the enemy, into the phase of total counterattack, completely defeated the enemy.
In June 1950, the Standing Committee of the Party Central Committee advocated the opening of a border campaign led by Comrade Vo Nguyen Giap - Member of the Central Party Committee as the commander and secretary. On September 16, 1950, our troops advanced to Dong Khe. After two days of fighting fiercely, our troops won. At the moment of victory, the main forces with the support of the local armed forces have repeatedly proceeded to destroy the enemy on the whole route 4.
From October 3 to October 8, 1950, our troops destroyed two main French regiments, destroying their reinforcements from Hanoi. On October 10, 1950, the enemy withdrew from the town of Trang Khe, Trang Dinh district liberated. On October 13, 1950, the enemy withdrew from Na Sam, Dong Dang, the two districts of Van Uyen, the Liberation Post. On October 17, 1950, the enemy withdrew from Lang Son town, Loc Binh, and our troops took over the town. On October 22, 1950, the enemy withdrew from An Chau (Dinh Lap), ending the occupation of French colonialists in Lang Son.
8. Lang Son after the Dien Bien victory in 1954:
Promoting democratic reform, initially building material facilities for socio-economic development (1955-1960);Implement the first five-year plan and combat the destructive war of the American empire (1961 - 1965).
In 1961, in the face of repeated failures in the "special war" in the southern battlefield, the American empire frantically attacked the North. In the years that were the first of many fierce bombardments by the American invaders, with many practical actions and high courage, the young volunteers and the main army contributed a great deal to the achievements of the United States. army and people of all ethnic groups in the province.
It has strengthened, restored and developed socio-economic, and conducted anti-war destruction by air force of the American Empire (1966 - 1972).
9. Socio-economic development (1973-1978 period)
In this period, the provincial Party Committee of Lang Son advocates economic recovery and development, simultaneously carrying out three revolutionary - revolutionary relations of production, revolution of science, technology and ideological revolution. Promote agro-forestry production as a key task for the development of local industrial production and other economic sectors. By 1975, the food production of the province increased by 7% compared to 1972, the movement of intensive farming, intercropping, increased rice crop, crops have been expanded and developed to the remote areas, appeared more cooperation. The commune has a movement to raise buffaloes and cows.
After liberating the South, unifying the country, in 1976, Lang Son and Cao Bang merged into Cao Lang Province.Implementing the Resolution of the First Party Congress of Cao Lang province, by the end of 1978, Cao Lang province had achieved some achievements such as GDP of the province reached 383 million, of which the output value of agriculture - forestry - forestry reached. VND 120 million, food output reached 114 thousand tons. In December 1978, Cao Lang province was separated into Lang Son and Cao Bang.
10. Promote socio-economic development, protect the border sovereignty of the Fatherland (1979- 1985).
11. More than 15 years of renovation, including 10 years of implementation of socio-economic development strategy:
In the period of renovation, besides some basic advantages, Lang Son faced many difficulties and challenges. Being a mountainous and border province with a low starting point, poor and facing extreme weather and weather conditions. In that circumstance, the Party and people of the Lang Son ethnic groups have "strived together" to strive, unite to overcome all difficulties, promote the revolutionary tradition, believe in the renewal way. Especially since 1991, implementing the socio-economic development strategy set by the Seventh Party Congress. The renovation process of the province has improved and achieved many important achievements. The economy is constantly developing and the growth rate is quite high: GDP growth rate in the period 1986-2000 is 7.53% / year, the growth rate is 9.57% in the period of 1991 - 2000 and 9: 96% / year.
(Source from the book "Lang Son - The new force in the 21st century"
Published by the National Political Publishing House in February 2005)